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Why We're Bad at Guessing Other People's Motives

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Reading someone’s mind is an impossible task, but even just guessing at why they do the things they do is a lot harder than it might seem. Hosted by: Brit Garner ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: azarus G, Sam Lutfi, D.A. Noe, الخليفي سلطان, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/255961815_Empathic_accuracy_in_close_relationships http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6277/1074 http://coglab.wjh.harvard.edu/~dtg/Gilbert%20&%20Malone%20(CORRESPONDENCE%20BIAS).pdf https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022103167900340 http://journals.ama.org/doi/10.1509/jmr.15.0226?code=amma-site https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027718301240 https://www.elsevier.com/connect/5-pitfalls-to-understanding-peoples-motives https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/between-cultures/201606/understanding-others https://www.thecut.com/2017/09/to-get-better-at-understanding-others-start-with-yourself.html https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15298868.2017.1361861?journalCode=psai20 https://www.pap.org.ph/sites/default/files/upload/pjp2017-50-2-pp140-158-nalipay-correspondence_bias_in_the_attribution_of_political_attitudes_a_replication_of_jones_and_harriss_1967_experiment_on_correspondence_bias.pdf http://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2F0022-3514.67.6.949 http://sk.sagepub.com/reference/socialpsychology/n262.xml https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1988.tb02354.x ---------- Images: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fidel_Castro_1950s.jpg
Категория: Образование
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Текстовые комментарии (272)
Spearton- (19 часов назад)
kAvAnAuGh or however you spell his name *grabs popcorn*
H B (21 час назад)
According to Wikipedia, the Correspondence Bias's existence was challenged by a 2006 meta-analysis: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fundamental_attribution_error I also think that it's important to mention that the original experiment was done on lest than 100 total students all enrolled in an introductory psychology course at Duke, lol
PyraLithiam (1 день назад)
A person, who wants to move to Florida: It's so nice and sunny; that's why it's called the Sunshine State! Me, a person who lives in Florida: It's always raining, humidity is high; why the {quack} is it called a Sunshine State?
zakosist (2 дня назад)
I think people have a natural tendency to assume everyone thinks like them, but in reality people are radically different in their minds an personality and desire completely different things in life.
anana3322 (4 дня назад)
I love that you not only tell us the facts, but the studies they come from
Tania Theodore (6 дней назад)
0:09 "TRUMP"
Margaret Cato (6 дней назад)
...
lemuel ruiz (6 дней назад)
This is why i question everything lol...I dont understand why people do what and think of multiple reasons why they did xyz...so i tru to understand what it is...psychology and just thinking alot made me want to ask questions on things i dont understand so i can understand lol
Ernie Llerena (7 дней назад)
Fidel Castro wasnt a good guy. Thats a load of crap.
Chris Young (8 дней назад)
You never truly understand someone till you walk ten miles in their shoes, but by then it doesn't even matter. Because they're ten miles away and you've got their shoes!
Phuck Bhunny (8 дней назад)
Trump for God....Don't question my motives they are complex.
Saumitra Chakravarty (9 дней назад)
So *Cliche* and *Trite* are synonymous. Thanks for enriching my vocabulary!
Pixie Fairy (9 дней назад)
Sometimes I wonder why I make the choices I make.
GraemeMarkNI (9 дней назад)
We’re bad at judging our own motives, so...
Nafrost (9 дней назад)
For half of those biases I thought to myself:"Wow this is so me"
Mishel Fayad (9 дней назад)
These research studies sound very biased...
gmk (9 дней назад)
In the word of noted philosopher H.J.Simpson, "It's because they're stupid. That's why. That's why everybody does everything."
Victoria Lynn Struble (9 дней назад)
I have an unending amount of respect and appreciation for this Channel's ability to make content relevant to tense current events without aggotating the situation
David S (9 дней назад)
I love the t-shirt 👍 where can I get one?
Gabriel Martins (9 дней назад)
What's wrong with (real) vanilla ice cream?! (REAL) madagascar vanilla is absolutely delicious. Specially if it's frozen custard (made with REAL vanilla not artificial vanillin).
Thomas Chase (10 дней назад)
I suppose I can't call people myopic now, rats
Thomas Chase (10 дней назад)
And it had duality too, :(
Norah AlWalan (10 дней назад)
Do these studies control for individualistic societies vs collectivistic ones, like do these results hold in japan, china, or the middle east? Cause I wanna know if these results are true about all humans, or are they different based on what culture you grew up in. (I'm assuming these were conducted on american/western subjects)
LockRay (10 дней назад)
Excuse me what exactly is your problem with vanilla ice cream? >:U
Greatest Queen (10 дней назад)
Try walking in my shoes. You'll stumble in my footsteps
Angela Nardi (10 дней назад)
If thumbs up on this one 👍🏼👍🏼👍🏼✌🏼
LOL Science (10 дней назад)
My best friend keeps on dating all my guy friends... I get to know an interesting guy, my friend finds out, and she decides she suddenly is into them. I feel like a third wheel and end up feeling 😞 lonely... Why is she doing that?
qqqqqqq448 (10 дней назад)
Can you make a video about why we don't feel atracted sexually to members of our family, they are from the same species after all. If it's just biology, then why incest was so common in the middle ages? Is it just culture? I am confused.
CaramelLeek (10 дней назад)
This is the reason why I think parting ways with my first lab PI was a good thing. She and her grad students kept guessing at my motives, which all ended up to be wrong. In reality, I was not the kind of unpleasant person they thought I was, even though I go out of my way to let them know whatever assumptions they had about me was wrong. Now I'm in another lab, and the post docs are much more mature about things. I'm liking this much better.
CCRLH85 (10 дней назад)
So, what I'm hearing is, "People are confusing, why bother trying to figure then out?" Am I right?
RhysThePiece (10 дней назад)
I love binge watching SciShow.
GRBTutorials (10 дней назад)
2:27 I’ve never gone out and partied, nor I want to...
Karl Ziehl (10 дней назад)
Wonderful comments all over the place!
Jeffrey (10 дней назад)
Is all this jargon going to be on the test? Cuz I already forgot half of them.
H B (11 дней назад)
Don't forget the Illusion of Asymmetric Insight, which says that you assume that you can tell more about people than they can tell about you.
BZAKether (11 дней назад)
One of the best episodes ever. Congrats for choosing this wonderful topic.
Keyboardje (11 дней назад)
"Just ask them!" O.o Because people NEVER lie... of course!
Guidje (11 дней назад)
this video should have at least brazilian portuguese subs - if not dubbing... :( i will share this, but it is a shame that a lot of people will not understand a single word... anyway, great content as always!!
Guidje (11 дней назад)
clarifing: we're having major election in here and one of the leader's charts is a straight up fascist... people are offending and pointing each other instead of debating... :( dark times are coming in here cause we cant wear other ones shoes...
F4RES F4RES (11 дней назад)
I think that this is totally normal.. not just that, but actually contributing to our society being growing.. Who agrees???
laser325 (11 дней назад)
If somebody offers you a gift horse, the first thing to do is have a good look in it's mouth.
Jayansh Singh (11 дней назад)
Informative.
macsnafu (11 дней назад)
"Just ask them." Right, like they're going to be honest with me! ;-)
how much should I take for granted? (11 дней назад)
imo anyone who likes St. Germain's album "tourist" is not a real person.
D K (11 дней назад)
Do you ever get depressed knowing this stuff?
Dale Stephanson (11 дней назад)
I'm a little upset you're throwing shade at Vanilla ice cream.
Ven Black (11 дней назад)
Walk a mile in a someone's shoes, after that who cares? You are a mile away, and you have their shoes! lol
Barbarus Bloodshed (11 дней назад)
Vanilla is the superior ice-cream taste. Anyone denying that is a fool!
Unseelie (11 дней назад)
"Just ask them." I tired that quite a few times. With many people that results in them telling me that they don't want to explain their motives/are annoyed by someone questioning them.
OriginalGoddess (11 дней назад)
Genuine question: It's related to people assuming that others will make similar choices to the ones they made in the past. Actually, I have 2 questions now. 1. Do people alter or base their choices off of what others expect them to do? 2. Is this why people don't believe that others can and do change their behaviors and choices over time?
Zack Hicks (11 дней назад)
I agree here with those comments that suggest we struggle to understand other's intentions due to the fact that we barely and only poorly understand our own motivations. I think this has to do with a fundamental misconception which says that there is a single and indivisible self. Rather, I think we have a sort of narrative self, the self that fabricates internal stories that are loosely based in our objective reality. These stories help to rationalize, rather than accurately explain, our existence. Then there is the experiential self, the self that is narrowly concerned with our present state of being irrespective of this grand narrative. So, try as we might to understand ourselves, we, I would, argue are inevitably doomed in our attempts to understand the intentions of others -- those of whom are incapable of objectively mapping their own consciousness. The best solution I think is a heavy dose of humility based on the premise that we all generally want to be good people coupled with perhaps an overly charitable interpetation of other's intentions.
Andre Jansen (11 дней назад)
Zack Hicks. Wow I was waiting for a comment like this. I agree with you. I believe that one of the benefits of (right) meditation is to understand the truth of our 'self' concept and thereby not succumb to the mentioned cognitive biases as much.
steveb0503 (11 дней назад)
I thought it was referred to as the "fundamental attribution error".
Fion (11 дней назад)
It's not a walk in the park to always put yourself in everyone's shoes, too taxing mentally and it requires an understanding of different psyches, which a psychologist can do decently well. So yeah, being able to empathise and figure out the motives of others is quite a feat and eliminating bias is near impossible but we should always try irregardless especially if the situation is huge and important. Lastly, please drop your ego, oftentimes it's more detrimental in relationships than not.
Fion (11 дней назад)
Many people are close minded, ignorant, not empathetic and more judgemental on others than themselves.
maattthhhh (11 дней назад)
why do people hate talking to shrinks?
Danilego (11 дней назад)
This Sunday will be election day in Brazil, and I can say this video is very fitting with the moment!
Francois Lacombe (11 дней назад)
I care little about people's motives. I care a lot more about the results of their actions.
Matthew Conway (11 дней назад)
We're talking about Trump, right? We're definitely talking about Trump...
The Chad Pad (12 дней назад)
Good episode! Very important. We should think twice before assuming the worst about another's motivations, especially when politics is involved. We all just want the best for our country at the end of the day, and we just disagree on how to do it. That's ok, as long as we can discuss our ideas without our personal character being attacked for expressing them when it's not merited
Alejandro Jimenez (12 дней назад)
Are these studies accounting for such behaviors in other cultures found in countries around the world?
Captain Redbeard (12 дней назад)
Where do you even draw the line between who someone is and what's happening in their lives?
Nicolai Veliki (12 дней назад)
Ask me what I'm thinking... and you won't get an answer, because suddenly I'm evaluating the options of what I might tell you, and suddenly 90% of my thoughts from the moment you asked me are unaccessible even to me
SectorCodec (12 дней назад)
What?! Of course you’re more likely to go on nature vacations if that’s what you enjoy. Of course you can still go to the city but that’s just logical. So this study is essentially saying people pick their vacation destinations randomly?
Lucas (12 дней назад)
Alternative solution: Stop asking why people do the things that they do, and sleep more soundly at night.
Rex Longfellow (12 дней назад)
What's wrong with vanilla ice-cream?
Celina k (12 дней назад)
'Why would I do this'
Stephan Osther (11 дней назад)
Great video. You're very good at this, you know?
Inaudible Plays (12 дней назад)
Why does Brit Garner do SciShow videos? errmmmmmm......... its....... complicated.
lazyperfectionist1 (12 дней назад)
"Walk a mile in their shoes." Or, in most cases, 1.6 kilometers.
CAPSLOCKPUNDIT (11 дней назад)
Easier said than done. Their shoes are rarely roomy enough to crawl in, much less walk in.
Subscribe to r3dseries (12 дней назад)
You lost me when you said it's unreasonable to assume someone who recently went to a lake likes to go to the lake.
Muhammed I. Jhaban (12 дней назад)
Who wouldn't order a vanilla ice cream ?
ゆい714 (12 дней назад)
People don't give other's enough credit and thy give themselves too much.
Event Hʘriךּon (12 дней назад)
this is the trick of not having an ego, walking a mile in everyones shoes so much you dont own a pair yourself anymore. works wonders, made me happier i could ever imagine. I still hold opinions myself, but now i never gat angry at people, or frustrated when they dont get me, if anything i get a bit frustrated at myself when i cant explain my point fully and in terms they might emphathize more with.
arijeet mondal (12 дней назад)
Hey why don't you do a series on crash course channel? Also, a few more graphics would be great.
M S (12 дней назад)
Thanks for subtitles, really soothing for eyes
QVear (12 дней назад)
Speak for yourself, I can read people like an open book.
Patsonical (11 дней назад)
I could say the same thing... if I were dyslexic.
SangoProductions213 (12 дней назад)
On that ending note: "When all else fails, just ask them." Like that leftist journalist who actually interviewed "Trump voters" and said "I just expected you all to just be a bunch of racists."...while eating at their table.
Wayne Searle (12 дней назад)
Were all these studies America centric?
Cole Gagliano (12 дней назад)
Ultimate attribution error = Majority of journalists on the New York Times.
Silt (12 дней назад)
Why do I keep forgetting, that I already liked this video?
ThatGuy (12 дней назад)
But why did SciShow make this video?
martin henriksson (12 дней назад)
We don't see things as they are, we see them as we are.
Stoogie (12 дней назад)
Read and learn all the biases on the Cognitive Bias Index image and you should be fine.... somewhat.
noam hason (12 дней назад)
sometimes i actually try to ask people about their motives and reasons for their actions, but it never goes well. especially if its about religion or emotions.
Patsonical (11 дней назад)
Yeah, people get wayyy too defensive about anything that matters to them
Tote Sprachen leben länger (12 дней назад)
As Doctor House will tell you: Asking them will only show you what they are willing to TELL you about their motives.
Aspect Science (12 дней назад)
Oh man, I miss House! What a fantastic show! Were you a fan?
XLpug (12 дней назад)
I feel that certain toxic sub-cultures might have a lot of bias and flame wars towards that 2:40 fictional Joe Smith character in certain contexts. ☹️
DreamDruid89 (12 дней назад)
Wondering if any of these studies on biases, errors, etc. are consistent across a wide variety of cultures, or if a lot of the Psychology field is mostly Western-based studies... :/
SciShow Psych (12 дней назад)
We've got a video about that! https://youtu.be/Ho6OlPrD7sA
Jascha Bull (12 дней назад)
"There's always one surefire way to find out what someone's thinking: Just ask them." Because humans don't lie at all, and certainly not several times a day, as I'm often told by "science" (maybe not the most scientific of science, but still...).
NorthObsidianG (12 дней назад)
Walk a mile in their shoes.. gotcha.. I'll steal the shoes then use it as my own. But in their shoes.
Aspect Science (12 дней назад)
Nailed it. haha
New Message (12 дней назад)
I don't think of you as one dimensional.. my screen has length AND height.
New Message (12 дней назад)
I bet she made this video to become wildly popular, and rich, and famous, and eventually take over the world. All the pieces fit.
Emily Parnell (11 дней назад)
Assumed similarity bias much?
Matthew Conway (11 дней назад)
Brit Garner if only 😏
Brit Garner (12 дней назад)
Nailed it! ;)
MrMeow Catty (12 дней назад)
2:38 How about being the cat that binges SciShow episodes? xD =^,^= Meow
Angel Dela Cruz (4 дня назад)
meow! :3 (though im a puppy xD)
MrMeow Catty (4 дня назад)
meow meow! =^,^=
Angel Dela Cruz (5 дней назад)
meow :3
dupersuper1938 (12 дней назад)
Asking people might be very helpful, but it hardly seems sure-fire...
Dhaval Talati - Nemlabs (12 дней назад)
i love the video. by far the best i have seen this month. ;) and i am biased to your biased view of bias. Whilst my bias is positive in relation to your bias, it does bias on atleast a few biased ideas of your bias. I really hope to stay unbiased in all this, but my bias laments!!!
Kieley Evatt (12 дней назад)
Sooo... consider others complexly?
Aspect Science (12 дней назад)
Pretty much, Kieley! :) Are you a big science fan?
Bryan Martin (12 дней назад)
"Just ask them." Doesn't work for me. They either refuse to answer or can't explain their thought process.
just that guy (12 дней назад)
It’s pronounced ofen not ofTen
ennaira oniqua (12 дней назад)
Here in my very religious country people think I speak out against religion just to bring people down or because I'm a know it all but the reason is because I internalized the very negative ripple effects it has on the world and feel bad for all the suffering it causes to many people.
ennaira oniqua (9 дней назад)
thanks:)
Cuomotep the Reluctant Libertarian (9 дней назад)
I wish you all of the best.
ennaira oniqua (10 дней назад)
It sucks though cause most just end up disliking me or not take me seriously, I even lost a lot of friends because of speaking my views. Some even think I'm a "Devil worshipper". I think I'll just move to a progressive Atheist country one day if I could for my mental well being. It's hard being stuck in a place surrounded by people who don't really understand:(
Cuomotep the Reluctant Libertarian (10 дней назад)
Preach on! The costs outweigh the benefits. Religion ends up causing the opposite of spiritual enlightenment, and quickly becomes maladaptive.
Kevin E. (12 дней назад)
Can we get this trending
Patrick Reding (12 дней назад)
Alternate title: Why stories are able to exist.
George Michael Sherry (12 дней назад)
There's one study in here that I just HATE. The fake Facebook page, the vacation to the lake. They asked the subjects to GUESS what future vacation was MORE PROBABLE. The mountains ARE more PROBABLE. Nothing in the study says someone who goes to a lake CAN'T EVER POSSIBLY enjoy the city -- only that, given the evidence presented, the probability (even if it's 51-49) favors an outdoorsy vacation in the future. What would the "RIGHT" answer have been? Would it make MORE sense to GUESS that he'd switch gears and prefer the city? And then she does some Trump-like mocking of the participants (pointless cruelty -- it's not just for Republicans anymore). I hate the next one, too -- assuming people are fundamentally like us. Isn't that what the lefties have been pounding through our heads for as long as I've been alive? We're all people, after all? We're all the same underneath? Everyone just wants to live in peace and raise their family? Psychologists call bias what I call the necessary tools to draw a conclusion. And they leave us no right answer, so they can blame us of some sort of error no matter what we do.
BirdieRumia (11 дней назад)
I agree with you SO MUCH on the Facebook study, but I think you shouldn't take the "bias" thing personally and literally like that. It shouldn't be thought of as snooty scientists going "ha ha gotcha you just showed this or that cognitive bias, that means you're wrong and dumb and bad," it should be thought of as "here are some ways that the tools our minds use to analyze the world can be misused or overused and lead us to silly or unsupported conclusions. Now you can be careful to not overuse this or that tool. "
MakeMeThinkAgain (12 дней назад)
Just guessing here, but in these experiments I'm assuming people were given the one piece of information about the subject and then asked to predict their future behavior. What ELSE would they do but go with the one piece of information they had been given? If I'm right about this, then it really says little about what people do in "real life."

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