Learn the important cells and hormones that are working together to control your blood pressure! Rishi is a pediatric infectious disease physician and works at Khan Academy. Created by Rishi Desai.
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For everyone wondering about ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzym), its on the surface of the Endothlial cells which he describes at 7:20. Or you can kinda say that ACE is released by Endothelial cells but they are still attatched to the walls of the vessels.
"CHOPS OFF A BIG HUNK! and if that doesn't wake you up, I don't know what will."
Funny thing is that I was laying in bed, all comfy, my eyes closed, just about to drift off into dreamland, and that woke me the heck up thank you very much
I'm a little confused about what actually induces renin secretion. Other than sympathetic innervation, you also mention a drop in blood pressure as well as a drop in Sodium concentration (in tubule fluid or in blood? Not necessarily the same thing). I have read that the decrease in blood pressure is actually detected by baroreceptors in the afferent arteriols in the kidney, not by the JG cells. Does anyone know?
Also, I have read that the macula densa detects a decrease in sodium as you say, but also a decrease in blood perfusion to the kidney. Both of these factors will induce Renin-secretion. Does anyone know about this blood perfusion to the macula densa thing? Or is it just misinterpreted to the drop in blood pressure?
erik wennberg actually when the bp gets high initially the gfr increases causing more nacl to to be filtered so if the GFR is high fluid goes through tubules faster and there is less time for nacl to be reabsorbed from the PCT into the peritubular capillaries and when this high nacl reaches the macula dense it causes vasoconstriction of the afferent arterioles through vaso active substances thus decreasing GFR
Not sure if this is right but surely if there was a decrease in blood perfusion it would cause a decrease in blood pressure? So the macula dense is picking up the decrease in blood perfusion and realising that there is a drop in blood pressure because of that. Could be wrong though.
I find it strange that ACE was never mentioned in this vid (especially due to clinical significance), but still a great overview. Loving the khan academy medicine videos as introductions to topics/study motivators. Thank you 👍🏼
could you please tell me ,so this Renin Angiostensin Aldosteron System is for activated renin angiostensin and aldosteron ,for example when that little guy ( renin ) knows that blood pressure is low ?so the renin have to activated for raise the blood pressure
+Nazmulur Rahman nazmul Sympathetic nerves innervate the afferent and efferent arterioles and receive signals from baroreceptors in the cardiovascular system (in the carotid sinus, aortic arch, etc) when extra cellular volume is low to secrete renin.
You are the BEST! You are helping me get through graduate school. You don't talk too fast, you break things down and make them fun, interesting and understandable. Also you have an amazingly great voice! Thank you so much for your videos
I really enjoy your videos, actually I think out of all khanacademy videos, yours are the best. You really make a lot of sense of things and help consolidate the info in my head. You really gave me a chuckle with your angiotensinogen face in this video.
+Jessica Lafferty I think "enzyme" explains exactly what renin is: a protein that catalyses a chemical reaction. I do see the point though, that since it is a chemical that has effects over long distances the term "hormone" is also appropriate. I reckon my lecturer was just splitting hairs, it's just semantics. Another good example is epinephrine and adrenaline being the same thing but being discovered for doing different jobs, one as a neurotransmitter, the other as a hormone.
wouldn't you say it seems to act as a hormone in ways within the kidney and as an enzyme in ways with angiotensinogen? Your point really made me think. Most people refer to renin as a hormone, I never realized it is generally considered an enzyme.
there other things that control bp ,ANP that is activated when bp is rised and there is hypernatemia/elivation of Na ion and then the ANP on right atria is activated and acts on the collactnig tube of the kidney and leads excration of Na and retenssion of Ka,2 the prostaglandin ,nitric oxid and so on
1. Yes, Going from A1 to A2 requires ACE
2. A2 has effects on the Prox. Conv. Tubule to reabsorb Na+ (this is not negligible)
3. Hypervolemia with Hyponatremia sounds like an SIADH type syndrome. In SIADH, GFR is high, so Renin levels are low. We will be doing an ANP video in the future to help describe its role.
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