Martin discusses the economic and health implications of linguistic exclusion on more than half the world’s population, and how in today’s digital age, ‘language equity’ can open new opportunities to achieve international development goals. Martin Benjamin was raised in the rural American state of Vermont. As a teenager, he visited India, witnessing deprivation on a scale he never imagined. This experience led him to Tanzania as an economic anthropologist, examining the relationships between development agencies and aid recipients deemed ‘the poorest of the poor’. Learning Swahili was paramount for him to be able to interact with his village neighbors, but few resources were available. Unable to create better tools alone, the Kamusi Project was born as an early cooperative effort to learn from a language’s speakers and share that knowledge online. Kamusi is a non-profit NGO that now aims to compile data on myriad languages around the world, and deploy and apply this knowledge in creative technology. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx
Antidepressants are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression, social anxiety disorder, anxiety disorders, seasonal affective disorder, and dysthymia, or mild chronic depression, as well as other conditions.
They aim to correct chemical imbalances of neurotransmitters in the brain that are believed to be responsible for changes in mood and behavior.
Depression Medications (Antidepressants)
These are the most commonly prescribed type of antidepressant.
Serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are used to treat major depression, mood disorders, and possibly but less commonly attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety disorders, menopausal symptoms, fibromyalgia, and chronic neuropathic pain.
SNRIs raise levels of serotonin and norepinephrine, two neurotransmitters in the brain that play a key role in stabilizing mood.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants. They are effective in treating depression, and they have fewer side effects than the other antidepressants.
SSRIs block the reuptake, or absorption, of serotonin in the brain. This makes it easier for the brain cells to receive and send messages, resulting in better and more stable moods.
They are called "selective" because they mainly seem to affect serotonin, and not the other neurotransmitters.