You want to know what an HSG (hysterosalpingogram) looks for, if it's painful, and what you can do to prepare for it. And I think the best way to prepare for it is just to know more about it. And essentially, it's a test that looks at the cervix, it can look at the uterus, so it can check for uterine anomalies, and it can also check for patency of the fallopian tubes, or basically see if they're blocked or not. And so a doctor may order this test if a couple comes in for an infertility evaluation. Uterine anomalies can cause issues, as well as blocked fallopian tubes. So essentially, contrast is injected up through the cervix, through the uterus, and through the fallopian tubes to check for different things, and they can watch the flow of that contrast to see if there's blockages or abnormalities. And if there is a blockage, it's possible that you may feel a little bit of discomfort or even pain, and you should tell your doctor about that. But generally speaking, most of it is just uncomfortable, not painful.
The doctor may recommend that you take medications prior to coming in to help reduce the amount of discomfort or cramping that you may feel. And after the procedure is finished, it is normal to experience a little bit of mild cramping, a little bit of vaginal bleeding, and leaking of contrast, but if you have heavy vaginal bleeding, if you develop a fever, or you're having significant pain, that's not normal and you should let your doctor know about it. Afterwards, most woman can just resume normal activities, and the results are available soon after the procedure. If you're going to have one and you have more specific questions about it, don't hesitate to talk with your doctor and they can give you more information as well as tailored information and advice about why they recommend the procedure for you. If you have more questions in the future for me, feel free to ask them on our Facebook page at http://www.facebook.com/IntermountainMoms, and recommend us to your friends and family too.
Antidepressants are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression, social anxiety disorder, anxiety disorders, seasonal affective disorder, and dysthymia, or mild chronic depression, as well as other conditions.
They aim to correct chemical imbalances of neurotransmitters in the brain that are believed to be responsible for changes in mood and behavior.
Depression Medications (Antidepressants)
These are the most commonly prescribed type of antidepressant.
Serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are used to treat major depression, mood disorders, and possibly but less commonly attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety disorders, menopausal symptoms, fibromyalgia, and chronic neuropathic pain.
SNRIs raise levels of serotonin and norepinephrine, two neurotransmitters in the brain that play a key role in stabilizing mood.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants. They are effective in treating depression, and they have fewer side effects than the other antidepressants.
SSRIs block the reuptake, or absorption, of serotonin in the brain. This makes it easier for the brain cells to receive and send messages, resulting in better and more stable moods.
They are called "selective" because they mainly seem to affect serotonin, and not the other neurotransmitters.